Some of the diagnostic tests are:
By carrying out blood tests, the doctors can diagnose whether patients have any conditions such as anemia, liver disease, diabetes, etc.
It is routinely carried out to check if the patients have diabetes or are pregnant before dental surgery is carried out.
Capillary fragility test of Hess or Tourniquet test
It is performed to assess the mechanical fragility of the capillaries by raising the pressure within them. It is used to determine a patient’s hemorrhagic tendency.
It is done for the diagnosis of the oral mucosa of a patient. The tissue of the gums is also given for biopsy to diagnose causes of abnormal gum tissue which could be cancerous or non-cancerous growths or lesions. It also indicates changes in the gum that can cause the loss of a tooth.
It is a handheld device that uses natural tissue fluorescence to diagnose any oral mucosal abnormalities such as oral cancers or pre-malignant dysplasia.
It is a device with LEDs to detect any pre-cancerous oral lesions or any other abnormalities in the oral cavity. It helps to distinguish between healthy tissue and abnormal tissues.
X-rays help them see the condition of the teeth, roots, jaw placement, and facial bone composition.
X-rays helped to diagnose problems in the teeth and jaws like tooth decay, bone loss in the jaw, changes in the bone or root canal due to infection, cysts, and tumors in the teeth or jaw, any infection between the tooth and the gum or at the tooth root.
They are two types of dental X-rays, intraoral and extraoral.
Intraoral X-rays are carried out in which the x-ray film is placed inside the mouth. They are several types
–Bitewing X-rays show the details of the upper and lower teeth in one area of the mouth. They help in detecting the level of tooth decay and changes in the thickness of the bone caused by gum disease. It can show any break or wear of dental fillings
–Periapical X-rays shows the whole tooth from the crown to beyond the root where the tooth attaches to the jaw
–Occlusal X-rays track the development and placement of an entire arch of teeth in either jaw.
Extraoral X-rays are carried out in which the X-ray film is outside the mouth. The types of extraoral X-rays are:
–Panoramic dental x-rays use a very small dose of ionizing radiation to capture the entire mouth in one image. It is commonly performed by dentists and oral surgeons in everyday practice and may be used to plan treatment for dentures, braces, extractions, and implants.
–Sialogram in which a dye is injected into the salivary glands so that it can be seen on X-rays, to detect any blockages in the salivary glands
–Cephalometric projections show an entire side of the head of the patient. It looks at the teeth concerning the jaw and profile of the patient so that the doctor can decide the patient’s teeth realignment plan
-Cone beam CT is a type of X-ray that creates 3-D images of dental structures, soft tissue, nerves, and bone. It helps guide tooth implant placement and evaluates cysts and tumors in the mouth and face
Digital imaging is a 2-D type of dental imaging that allows images to be sent directly to a computer. It allows the dentist to see the tiniest changes which are not visible in an oral exam.
CT and MRI scans are used to enable surgeons to view head and neck anatomy in three dimensions. The images can then be manipulated to produce virtual 3D models that help the surgeon plan the surgery.
Continental Hospitals have the best diagnostic test procedures in place for an oral surgeon to carry out surgical or non-surgical procedures based on the diagnosis making it the best hospital for oral surgery in Hyderabad.