A person who requires a liver transplant has one of the following liver diseases or conditions:
It occurs a previously healthy liver suddenly suffers a massive injury-causing liver failure. Several factors influence such sudden liver injuries such as drug (acetaminophen) overdose, viral infections, ingestion of poison and other similar factors. Usually, these patients are the top I priority in liver transplantation as they may die within days without a liver transplant.
Hepatitis B-is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The hepatitis B virus is transmitted when blood, semen, or another body fluid from a person infected with the virus enters a healthy, non-infected body.
Hepatitis C-is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It is a blood-borne virus. People become infected with the hepatitis C virus by sharing needles or other equipment to inject drugs. It is one of the most common indications for a liver transplant.
Liver failure due to alcohol abuse is one of the most common causes for liver transplantation
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): Deposition of fat within liver cells may result in inflammation that injures and scars the liver. Metabolic conditions like diabetes can aggravate and lead to liver failure.
Biliary atresia-absence of bile ducts outside the liver usually occurs in infants
Neonatal sclerosing cholangitis -infection and scarring of the bile ducts in the liver of an infant.
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) -the destruction of bile ducts inside and outside the liver.
Caroli’s disease -an abnormality of the bile ducts within the liver
Hemochromatosis: excess iron deposition in the liver
Wilson’s disease: abnormal copper metabolism
Alpha-1 anti-trypsin deficiency: lack of a gene product that limits the activity of trypsin, an enzyme that digests protein. Over time this leads to progressive destruction of the liver and lung.
Glycogen storage disease (type I, III, IV): an inherited metabolic disorder
Budd-Chiari syndrome is thrombosis (clotting) of the hepatic veins which leads to poor blood flow through the liver.
Hepatocellular carcinoma -cancer that arises from liver cells called hepatocytes
Cholangiocarcinomas -cancer that starts in the bile ducts
All the above liver diseases or liver conditions warrant a liver transplant.
Continental Hospitals is the best hospital for liver transplantation in Hyderabad