What are the different types of cancers treated at Continental Hospitals?
Cancer treatment involves a combination of treatments such as surgery, radiation, and drugs, which help in the speedy recovery of the patients. It may also involve Adjuvant therapy ensuring that cancer cells are destroyed using radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Supportive cancer therapy alleviates symptoms caused by cancer or its treatment. It can improve the patient’s wellbeing during and after the period of treatment. Palliative care alleviates the patient’s physical and psychological symptoms to improve the quality of life. Palliative care is used in cancer treatment or to treat the symptoms arising from cancer treatment.
The different types of cancers that are treated at Continental Hospitals are:
- Breast Cancer
It is formed in the cells of the breast. The tests and procedures to diagnose breast cancer include breast exams physically by the doctor, mammogram, breast ultrasound, biopsy, and breast MRI. The treatment of breast cancer in patients depends on the doctor determining the treatment options based on the type, size, stage, grade of cancer, and hormonal use. The treatment can also involve surgery followed by radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Continental Hospitals has the best breast cancer specialist in Hyderabad, who has received training for breast radiation and other innovative techniques from renowned cancer hospitals in India. Continental Hospitals is considered the best hospital for the treatment of breast cancer in Hyderabad.
- Oral Cancer
It is a type of head and neck cancer. Cancer can occur in the mouth, cheeks, and gums. It can be diagnosed by a physical examination, symptoms experienced by the patient as well as the medical and family history. The stage of oral cancer can be diagnosed by endoscopy and treated based on the location, stage, and type of cancer, person’s overall health. The treatment could also include surgeries such as radiation therapy (X-rays or radiation particles), chemotherapy (medicines) and hyperthermia (use of high heat to damage the cancer cells) therapy. Continental Hospitals have all the facilities for the treatment of oral cancer which makes it the best hospital for the treatment of oral cancer in Hyderabad.
- Brain Cancer
A tumor in the brain could be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Doctors perform several tests to diagnose suspected brain cancers, which include a physical or neurological exam, followed by a CT scan or MRI scan to evaluate the location, size and the effect on the surrounding tissues. A PET scan indicates the tissues and organs functions, as well as a radioactive tracer, is also used. Stereotactic biopsy is used to determine the presence of cancer and its type. The treatment of brain cancer depends on the diagnosis done by the doctor. Primarily, a neurosurgeon is involved in brain surgery to remove the cancerous tissue from the area affected. Continental Hospitals is the best hospital for the treatment of brain cancer in Hyderabad as it has a world-class neurosciences department, which has won accolades the world over.
- Colorectal Cancer
Colorectal cancer is cancer that starts in the colon or the rectum. These cancers can also be named colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on where they start. Depending on the symptoms experienced by the doctors, the diagnostic tests are prescribed such as physical exam, medical history, blood tests, diagnostic colonoscopy (instrument to look into the colon), proctoscopy (instrument to look into the rectum), biopsy and genetic testing such as MSI and MMR testing, CT scan, MRI Scan, ultrasound, PET scan, etc. Treatment of cancer depends on the type and stage of cancer, which is determined by the consulting oncologist, which could range from surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or immunotherapy.
- Blood Cancer
It occurs when abnormal blood cells start growing out of control, interrupting the function of normal blood cells, which fight off infection and produce new blood cells. The types of blood cancers include Leukaemia, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, Multiple myelomas, etc. These types of blood cancers are detected by diagnostic procedures such as CT scan, MRI scan, PET scan, bone marrow biopsy, X-ray. Treatment for blood cancer depends on the type of cancer, the age of the patient, its spread, and other factors. Some common blood cancer treatments include Stem cell transplantation, Chemotherapy, and Radiation therapy.
- Uterine Cancer
Cancer begins from abnormal cells in the lining of the uterus (endometrium), the muscle tissue (myometrium), or the connective tissue supporting the endometrium (stroma). Some of the tests for diagnosing uterine cancers are a physical examination, blood and urine tests, a transvaginal ultrasound, hysteroscopy (examination of the lining of the uterus), biopsy, CT scan, MRI scan, and PET scan. The treatment of uterine cancer will depend on the type, size, and spread of cancer, age, and overall health. Treatment is mostly surgery, but also chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and hormone treatment.
- Thyroid tumor
The thyroid gland regulates the hormones in the body for metabolism, heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature. Thyroid cancer is caused by abnormal growth of cells in the thyroid gland. Diagnosis is usually based on symptoms and includes a physical exam, medical history, ultrasound, radioiodine scan, CT scan, MRI scan, PET scan, biopsy, blood tests, and laryngoscopy. Treatment includes surgery, radioiodine therapy, chemotherapy, thyroid hormone therapy, external beam radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy.
- Lung Cancer
Cancer that occurs in the lungs is called lung cancer. There are two types of lung cancer, small-cell lung cancer, and non-small lung cancer. Diagnostic procedures include a physical exam, blood tests, chest X-rays, CT scans, PET-CT scans, Bronchoscopy, and biopsy. The treatment of cancer depends on the type, size, shape, and location of the lung cancer and the treatment options include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy.
- Esophageal Cancer
Cancer occurs in the esophagus — a long, hollow tube that runs from your throat to your stomach. Diagnostic methods include endoscopy, biopsy and sometimes endoscopic ultrasound, CT scan, and PET scan. The treatment of cancer depends on the type, size, shape, and location of the esophagus cancer and the treatment options include surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy.
- Stomach Cancer
It is characterized by a growth of cancerous cells within the lining of the stomach. Also called gastric cancer, this type of cancer is difficult to diagnose because most people typically don’t show symptoms in the earlier stages. Diagnostic procedures are physical examination, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, biopsy, CT scan, and X-rays. Treatment depends on the severity of cancer and includes surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy
- Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the pancreas (Cancer starts when cells in the body begin to grow out of control). The types of pancreatic cancers are Pancreatic adenocarcinoma, Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and others. The diagnostic tests include a physical exam, medical history, CT scan, MRI scan, Endoscopic ultrasound, Cholangiopancreatography, PET scan, angiography, blood tests, biopsy, and genetic testing. Treatment depends on the stage and type of cancer includes surgery, ablation or Embolization treatments, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy.
- Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer develops in a woman’s cervix (the entrance to the womb from the vagina). It mainly affects sexually active women aged between 30 and 45. Screening for cervical cancer includes a smear test, colonoscopy, physical (pelvic) exam, blood tests, CT scan, MRI scan, and PET scan. Treatment depends on the spread of cervical cancer which includes surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
Continental Hospitals have the best cervical cancer specialist in Hyderabad, who makes sure all the cancerous cells and tissues from the cervical area are removed and there is no chance of recurrence of cancer in the patient’s body. Having such superior and well-informed surgeons make Continental Hospitals, the best hospital for the treatment of cervical cancer in Hyderabad.
- Peritoneal Malignancy
Primary peritoneal cancer (PPC) is rare cancer. It starts in the thin layer of tissue lining the inside of the abdomen. This tissue lining is called the peritoneum. The diagnostic tests include physical (pelvic examination), blood tests, ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scan, and PET scan. Treatment depends on the size, type, and spread of cancer which includes surgery, chemotherapy, etc.
Continental Hospitals is the best hospital for peritoneal malignancy in Hyderabad.
It is cancer that begins in infection-fighting cells of the immune system, called lymphocytes. These cells are in the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and other parts of the body. Some of the diagnostic procedures include a physical examination of the lymph nodes, blood tests, bone marrow aspiration, biopsy, chest X-Rays, CT scan, PET scan, MRI scan or abdominal ultrasound. Treatment may vary depending on the type and stage of lymphoma and may require chemotherapy, radioimmunotherapy, stem cell transplant, and others.