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Dermatology

Overview

Department of Dermatology

The skin is the largest and the most visible organ of the body. The skin acts as a barrier against any infection and bacteria and is a reflection of a person’s health. The science that studies and does research on the skin is called Dermatology.

Dermatology is a branch of medicine that deals with the skin, hair, and nails, its study, its structures, and its functions. This branch of medicine not only deals with normal functioning of the skin, hair, nails, oral and genital membranes but also with the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of the diseases, disorders, cancers and other metabolic functioning affecting the organ in a person.

Dermatology is a changing science as people are exposed to high levels of pollution, more sun exposure and radiation, side-effects of pesticides, cosmetic products, and other hazards that are affecting the skin of people in adverse ways.

The Department of Dermatology at Continental hospitals has the best skin doctors in Hyderabad, who have received extensive training in dermatologists from the best institutes and handle all types of skin conditions and disorders. The department is housed with state-of-the-art medical instruments and advanced technologies making it the best hospital for the treatment of skin diseases in Hyderabad.

The consultant rooms in the Dermatology Department are well-lit with natural light along with additional spotlighting so that the skin specialists can thoroughly examine the patient and can diagnose the underlying skin ailments of the patient. There are also dedicated skin treatment rooms for phototherapy, wound care, laser therapy and other skin treatments that are done during the day.

Why Choose Continental Hospitals for Dermatology?

The dermatology department is a specialized department at Continental Hospitals as our dermatologists work in collaboration with doctors of other specialties in the treatment of patients suffering from different ailments such as cancer, vulval diseases, immunological diseases or who are undergoing cosmetic or reconstructive surgery, vascular surgery, etc. The combination of these specialties’ benefits patients to a great extent in the management of their ailments. There is a dedicated pediatric area for children suffering from skin ailments and diseases.

The doctors provide excellent care to patients suffering from acne scars, pigmentation, skin discoloration, rash, itchy skin, fungal growth on the skin, unwanted hair and other skin diseases.  Our dermatologists have received extensive training from top institutes and are having excellent knowledge in the field of dermatology as they practiced in prestigious and well-renowned hospitals in the UK. Continental Hospitals has the best skin specialists on its staff making it the best hospital for the treatment of skin diseases in Hyderabad.

Our consultant dermatologists have experience in carrying out cosmetic surgery or reconstructive surgery as they are well versed in skin grafting, removal of warts and moles. They have vast experience in the use of the latest innovative laser technology in the removal of unwanted facial hair without any side effects. The doctors guide patients in the management of chronic skin diseases such as psoriasis, eczema or acne. The surgeries carried out by our dermatologist at Continental Hospitals with precision, care and expertise have earned them the tag of being the best dermatologist in Hyderabad.

The skin reflects the health of an individual; hence it is essential to diagnose the skin problems properly and detailed way to ascertain any underlying health conditions that may be affecting the individual. The reaction of the skin to the environment or diseases is different for each individual as the symptoms may vary and as well as the treatment.

A better understanding of a person’s medical history, as well as a family history of diseases, helps a doctor to diagnose the skin problems facing a person.

Some of the diagnostic tests carried out for skin diseases are:

Patch tests

-These tests help diagnose skin allergies.  A test patch containing the allergen to which a person is suspected to be allergic to is applied to the skin on the back of the patient and kept undisturbed for 48 hours. Then the patch is removed and the skin is examined for any reaction.

Skin biopsy

It is the removal of a piece of skin for further examination in the laboratory using a microscope.

The types of skin biopsy are

-punch biopsy, in which a tubular punch (diameter usually 4 mm) is inserted into deep dermal or subcutaneous tissue to obtain a specimen, which is snipped off at its base.

-Shaving with a scalpel or razor blade may be done for more superficial lesions.

-Wedge excision of the skin using a scalpel can be done for larger or deeper biopsies.

Scrapings

-They help to diagnose scabies and fungal infections.

Fungal infections like tinea or candidiasis are confirmed by the diagnosis of the scrapings.

Tzanck testing

-This test helps to diagnose viral diseases such as herpes simplex and herpes zoster. It is done when active vesicles are present.

Diascopy

-this test is used to determine the vascular (inflammatory or congenital) nature of lesions.  A microscope slide is pressed against a lesion to see whether it blanches. Hemorrhagic lesions do not blanch; inflammatory and vascular lesions do.

All the diagnostic procedures and tests required for identifying the type of skin diseases or disorders are performed at Continental Hospitals making it the best hospital for the treatment of skin diseases in Hyderabad.

There are a variety of skin diseases affecting humans, from infants to adults. It is important to understand the different symptoms that each skin disease causes in each person. Dermatologists are experts in treating skin diseases of different Kinds. We have the best dermatologist in Hyderabad who can diagnose and treat skin diseases efficiently and clinically.

Skin discolorations

A common skin condition caused due to exposure to the sun or is present at birth

Red Birthmarks

Birthmarks are colored skin spots that are present at birth or appear shortly after birth. Birthmarks could be of different colors and they appear as coloration on the skin or sometimes are raised above the skin. Birthmarks do not require any treatment. Some birthmarks are red and could be vascular birthmarks (having a blood vessel)

Hemangiomas

It is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor made up of blood vessels. They occur on the surface of the skin or beneath it, usually on the face and neck. If the hemangiomas caused disfigurement, then usually patients go for cosmetic surgery.

The dermatologists at Continental Hospitals take care of the aesthetic needs of the patients, making it the best hospital for aesthetic surgery in Hyderabad.

Moles

They are small colored spots on the skin and are harmless. Only if a mole changes shape, size or color, starts itching, bleeding, then it has to be examined by a skin doctor, as it could be an early sign of skin cancer.

Freckles

They are small brown spots that are found on the skin, usually on the arms and face. They are extremely common, especially among light-skinned people. Freckles are caused by genetics and sun exposure and tend to darken in the summer or when exposed more often to the sun. People with a lot of freckles should avoid the sun and always wear sunscreen, as they are more susceptible to skin cancer. Because freckles are harmless, they do not need to be treated. However, if a person needs them to remove, you can consult the doctors at Continental Hospitals for the procedure.

Skin tags

They are small, soft, skin- colored growths that hang of the skin, occur on the neck, armpits, groin area or under the breasts. They do not cause any harm or discomfort. The removal of skin tags can be regarded as part of cosmetic surgery with advice from the doctor.

Acute skin problems

Some of the acute skin problems are:

Cold Sores

They are common skin blisters which usually clear up within 10 days. Cold sores are caused by a virus called Herpes simplex. Treatment usually involves application of the antiviral creams to ease pain and increase healing.

Plantar Warts and Palmer Warts

Warts are skin growths caused by a virus called the human papillomavirus (HPV). These warts are common in children. Plantar warts grow on the soles of the feet and Palmer warts occur on the hand. Usually, these warts heal in no time. Sometimes warts can be treated by cryotherapy using freezing liquid by a skin doctor.

Hair Loss

Hair loss is not something that usually worries people but occasionally it can be a sign of a medical condition. Hair loss could be hereditary or due to illness, stress, cancer treatment, weight loss, and iron deficiency. Hair loss treatment is not 100% effective but certain medications help in slowing the hair loss in people. Other hair loss treatments include hair transplants, steroid creams, immunotherapy, and other such treatments.

Blisters

These are small pockets of body fluid (serum or plasma) under the upper surface of the skin, which is caused by rubbing the skin (friction), irritating chemicals or extreme heat or cold. Blisters heal by itself within a week.  A plaster or dressing can aid in faster healing of blisters.

Chafing

It is a skin condition when skin rubs against skin or clothing where the skin gets irritated, raw and reddened, which can lead to stinging, burning or bleeding. Chafing can be prevented by wearing loose clothes and applying petroleum jelly in the affected areas.

Corns and calluses

These are hard or thick areas of skin that can be painful. It usually occurs on feet, toes, and hands. Treatment includes antibiotics if infected and patches and pads to soften the hard areas of the skin and make it less painful. In some cases, a specialist may cut off the corns and calluses.

Sunburn

These are caused by the ultraviolet radiation of the sun that causes damage to the skin cells, which causes hot, red, tender skin, pain when the skin is touched. It is usually treated by applying soothing creams or lotions, moisturizing the skin and taking pain relievers for inflammation.

Ingrown hair

It usually causes red, often itchy bumps where hair has grown back into the skin. They are usually in areas such as the face, neck, armpits, back. Treatment includes using prescribed antibiotic cream or steroid cream.

Pustules

They are a type of pimples that contain yellow pus. They are small, pus-filled sores located at the surface of the skin. They are mostly seen in acne, They may or may not be painful or tender to touch. They usually occur on the face, chest, and shoulders. Some pustules heal in a week, sometimes over-the-counter creams, ointments, and soaps can help in the healing process.

Gangrene

It is a dangerous and potentially fatal condition that happens when the blood flow to a certain area of the body is cut off. This causes the tissue to break down and die. The affected skin becomes greenish-black in color. Gangrene can occur due to injury, combat wound or a chronic illness. Treatment of gangrene varies from person to person. The earlier the gangrene is treated; the treatment recommended would be more beneficial to the person. Treatment involves antibiotics, surgery to remove the dead tissue, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and vascular surgery.

Rashes

It is an area of irritated or swollen skin. There are many causes of rashes and the treatment depends on the cause of the rashes.

Dermatitis

It is used to describe different types of skin rashes. It is an inflammation of the skin. It can be caused by infection, allergies and irritating substances. Treatment usually varies in each individual but common treatments include antihistamine, dry-skin creams, cortisone-type creams.

Pruritus

It is an unpleasant sensation to the skin that provokes the urge to itch. Itching lasting more than 6 weeks is termed chronic pruritus. Cool compresses and cool baths help relieve the itch as well as soothing lotions and creams.

Urticaria (Hives)

They are an inflammation of the skin triggered when the immune system releases histamine, which causes small blood vessels to leak which leads to swelling in the skin. Treatment includes strong antihistamines, corticosteroids or menthol cream.

Vitiligo

This condition occurs when the skin loses melanin, leading to patches of lighter colored skin. It can occur on any part of the skin, but it is usually seen on the face, hands, neck, and skin creases. The white patches caused by vitiligo are permanent, but there are treatment options to reduce their appearance by using skin-camouflage cream, steroid creams or phototherapy.

Varicose Veins and Spider veins

Varicose veins are large, raised, swollen blood vessels that twist and turn. They usually develop in the legs and can be seen through the skin. Spider veins are smaller, red, purple, and blue vessels that are also twisted and turning and can be easily visible through the skin. It can be caused by advanced age, prolonged sitting/standing, obesity, hormone therapies, pregnancy, injury, etc. Treatment includes the use of support stockings, lifestyle changes, sclerotherapy, laser therapy, vein surgery, endovenous laser, and radiofrequency ablation.

Lice and Scabies

                Lice are small insects that live on the skin. They are often connected to the hair on the scalp or in the pubic area. When you have lice, it is called pediculosis. Scabies is a condition caused by tiny mites, insect-like animals that dig under the skin. Both conditions cause itching.

The treatment for lice includes anti-lice treatment with medicated lotions and shampoos. The treatment for scabies includes the use of medicated creams.

Epidermoid and Sebaceous cysts

Epidermoid cysts are small, lumps that develop under the skin. These common cysts are sometimes mistakenly called sebaceous cysts. They usually occur on the face, neck, chest, upper back and sometimes on the scrotum. Treatment includes draining the cyst, injecting a medicine, laser removal, usually carried out by a doctor.

Chronic skin problems

Chronic skin conditions are not curable but can be managed by a change in lifestyle and drugs

Eczema

Also known as atopic dermatitis is a condition that causes the skin to become itchy, dry and cracked. It usually occurs in young children and can be controlled by using moisturizing solutions or topical corticosteroids.

The best skin doctors are available at Continental Hospitals, which is the best hospital for the treatment of Eczema in Hyderabad.

 Psoriasis

It is an immune-mediated disease that caused raised, red, scaly patches to appear on the skin. These patches normally appear on the elbows, knees, scalp. and lower back. There is no cure for psoriasis but treatment with phototherapy and topical treatments such as ointments or creams applied to the skin helps the patient get relief.

The best skin doctors are available at Continental Hospitals, which is the best hospital for the treatment of Psoriasis in Hyderabad.

Acne

It is a common skin condition that affects most people, especially adolescents due to hormonal changes in the body. It causes spots, oily skin and sometimes the skin is painful or hot to touch. It occurs on the face, back, and chest. There is no cure for acne but it can be controlled by gels or lotions and sometimes with antibiotics if it is too severe.

Rosacea

It is a long-term skin condition that affects the face mainly. It is characterized by redness across the nose, cheeks, forehead, and chin that comes and goes, as well as burning or stinging feeling when using water or cosmetic products. It cannot be cured but controlled by treatment using prescription creams or gels, antibiotics or intense pulsed light treatment.  

Skin infections

Bacterial skin infections like Leprosy, Impetigo, Carbuncles, Cellulitis

Leprosy mainly affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosal surfaces of the upper respiratory tract and the eyes. It can be treated with a combination of drugs. WHO recommends a combination of rifampicin, clofazimine, and dapsone; for patients with paucibacillary leprosy, also a combination of rifampicin and dapsone for treatment of leprosy is used.

Continental Hospitals have the best skin experts who take care of leprosy patients, which is why it is considered as the best hospital for the treatment of leprosy in Hyderabad.

Impetigo appears as red sores on the face, mostly around the nose and mouth, usually seen in children. It is usually treated by an antibiotic.

Carbuncles are boils formed under the skin at a hair follicle. It can be treated with antibiotics, pain relievers, antibacterial soaps or surgery depending on the treatment suggested by the attending dermatologist.

Cellulitis appears as a reddened and swollen area of the skin and is painful. It usually occurs on legs, but can occur in any part of the body. Mostly the treatment involves the use of antibiotics.

The consultants at Continental Hospitals have vast experience in dealing with cellulitis and its complications, hence it is the best hospital for the treatment of cellulitis in Hyderabad.

Fungal skin infections like Ringworm, Candidiasis, Fungal nail infection

Ringworm is a fungal infection caused by mold-like fungi that live on the dead tissue of skin, hair, and nails of a person and appears as a red, scaly and itchy bump. The treatment varies from person to person and includes antifungal cream, lotions or powders.

Candidiasis is caused by yeast, also known as a yeast infection. Depending on the anatomical location of the infection, treatments vary from antifungal creams to antifungal pills.

Fungal nail infection or Onychomycosis is a fungal infection that affects the fingernails or toenails because of overgrowth or fungi under or on the nail. Depending on the extent of the infection, dermatologists prescribe antifungal medication such as antifungal cream or other medication.

Viral skin infections like Shingles, Chickenpox

Shingles are caused by the virus, Herpes Zoster. It is the return of the infection caused by chickenpox, causing a painful sensation in the body followed by a rash. Antiviral treatment is recommended by dermatologists.

 Chickenpox is caused by the virus, Varicella-zoster, symptoms include red itchy skin rash with blisters on the body. It usually is seen in children, but it can occur in adults too. The virus lasts for 5-10 days, but it can be prevented by timely vaccination at an early age in children.

Surgical Dermatology

Surgical Dermatology mainly revolves around the treatment and management of Skin Cancer such as melanoma, high-risk basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and various rare tumors. The department has facilities for all kinds of dermatosurgeries including vitiligo surgery, nail surgeries, acne scar surgeries, hair removal, scar revisions, removal of cysts, skin growths & tumors, microdermabrasions, dermabrasions, electro surgeries, radiofrequency surgeries, cryosurgeries etc., with management of critical dermatological ailments like Steven’s Johnsons Syndrome, Scleroderma, Severe drug reactions etc.

Our dermatologists are experts in basic sciences including microbiology, pathology, biochemistry, physiology, and endocrinology. Our doctors have to be familiar with all the medical specialties as skin disorders or diseases are often associated with internal organ functions too. We have the best skin doctors in Hyderabad, who study the skin diseases affecting each patient, diagnose their problems and efficiently treat them.

The doctors at Continental Hospitals have received extensive training from reputed institutes and have gained clinical experience in hospitals in the UK and India. They are well versed with the latest innovative technologies and are skilled to apply the latest techniques in their daily practice. Their vast knowledge in the field of dermatology had benefitted patients in the treatment of skin diseases. The surgical techniques of the doctors are impeccable and they can perform precision surgeries like cosmetic surgeries, making Continental Hospitals the best hospital for dermatology in Hyderabad.

Dr Srilakshmi Kolluri

M.B.B.S, MD

Consultant Dermatologist and Cosmetologist

Dr John Doe
Dr Lakshmi Sowjanya Chekuri

M.B.B.S, M.D D.V.L

Consultant Dermatologist

Dr John Doe
Dr Swapna Kunduru

M.B.B.S, PLAB-II, MRCP-I, MD (DVL)

Consultant Dermatologist

We are with you in your journey to better health

A consultation with our panel of doctors, specialists and surgeons will help you determine what kind of services you may need to help diagnose and treat your condition. If you or someone in your family or friend’s circle are facing any health issues, please get in touch with us, we are here for you.

 

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