World Heart Day!

Heart disease is now the leading individual cause of disease burden in India.

  • Heart disease now is the leading individual cause of disease the burden in India.
  • In 2016, there were an estimated 62.5 million years of life lost prematurely due to Cardiovascular Diseases in India.
  • 17.5 million people die each year from Cardiovascular diseases, an estimated 31% of all deaths worldwide (WHO).
  • Four out of five Cardiovascular deaths are due to heart attacks and strokes (WHO).

WHAT ARE CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES?

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are disorders of the heart and blood vessels and include coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, rheumatic heart disease, and other conditions. Individuals at risk of CVD may demonstrate raised blood pressure, glucose, and lipids as well as overweight and obesity. Identifying those at the highest risk of CVDs and ensuring they receive appropriate treatment can prevent premature deaths.

SYMPTOMS

  • Chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure and chest discomfort (angina)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back
  • Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed

CAUSES

  • Unhealthy diet
  • Lack of exercise
  • Being overweight
  • Smoking

TYPES OF HEART DISEASE

The cardiovascular diseases involving the blood vessels (also known as vascular diseases) are:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Cerebrovascular disease (includes stroke)
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Inflammatory heart disease
  • Rheumatic heart disease
  • Valvular heart disease
  • Hypertensive heart disease
  • Heart failure

DIAGNOSIS

  • Blood Tests
  • EKG/ECG (Electrocardiogram)
  • Stress Testing
  • Echocardiography
  • Coronary Angiography and Cardiac Catheterization
  • Electron-Beam Computed Tomography or EBCT
  • Chest X-Ray
  • Cardiac MRI

TREATMENT

Through Medication:                                                                                 

  • Statins - For lowering cholesterol 
  • Blood thinners (such as warfarin) - For preventing blood clots
  • Beta-blockers - For treating heart attack, heart failure, and high blood pressure
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors - For heart failure and high blood pressure

Through Intervention:                                                                                 

  • Angioplasty -A balloon catheter is inserted to widen narrowed blood vessels that might be restricting blood ow to the heart
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery - Allows blood ow to reach a blocked part of the heart in people with blocked arteries
  • Surgery -To repair or replace faulty heart valves
  • Pacemakers or electronic machines -To regulate heartbeat for people with arrhythmia

PREVENTION

  • Quit smoking
  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Monitor your blood sugar regularly
  • Keep your cholesterol in check
  • Maintain the blood pressure below 120/80 mmHg
  • Indulge in moderate exercise
  • Consume a healthy diet; cut down on salts, added sugar & saturated fats

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