Eczema Treatment in Hyderabad

Best Hospital for Eczema Treatment
in Hyderabad

Soothe the Itch, Heal the Skin
Continental Hospitals in Hyderabad offers comprehensive treatment options for eczema and other dermatological conditions.
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Best Doctor for Eczema Treatment in Hyderabad

If you are seeking expert treatment for eczema at Continental Hospitals in Hyderabad, you will find a highly qualified team of dermatologists renowned for their comprehensive care and patient-centered approach.

Eczema Treatment Cost in Hyderabad

The cost of eczema treatment in Hyderabad varies widely depending on the severity of the condition and the type of treatment required.

24/7 Services

Continental Hospitals offers round-the-clock medical services, providing constant care and support to meet your healthcare needs anytime, day or night.
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What is Eczema?

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Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a common skin condition that causes inflammation, itching, and redness. It can occur in people of all ages but is more common in children. Eczema is believed to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Causes of Eczema

Genetics: People with a family history of eczema, asthma, or hay fever are more likely to develop eczema themselves. Certain genetic variations can predispose individuals to eczema by affecting the skin's barrier function and immune response.

Abnormal Immune Response: Eczema is associated with an overactive immune response in the skin, leading to inflammation and itching. This abnormal immune reaction may be triggered by various factors, including allergens, irritants, or microbial agents.

Skin Barrier Dysfunction: The skin's outermost layer serves as a barrier, protecting the body from environmental factors and retaining moisture. In individuals with eczema, this barrier function may be impaired, allowing irritants, allergens, and microbes to penetrate more easily and trigger an inflammatory response.

Environmental Triggers: Certain environmental factors can exacerbate eczema symptoms or trigger flare-ups. These may include exposure to allergens (such as pollen, pet dander, dust mites), irritants (like harsh soaps, detergents, and chemicals), changes in temperature or humidity, and stress.

Dry Skin: Dry skin is a common characteristic of eczema and can contribute to its development or worsening. When the skin loses moisture and becomes dry, it can become more prone to irritation and inflammation.

Microbial Factors: Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections can worsen eczema symptoms or trigger flare-ups. Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, in particular, are commonly found on the skin of people with eczema and can contribute to skin inflammation.

Symptoms of Eczema

  • Dry, sensitive skin
  • Itching, which may be severe
  • Red to brownish-gray patches
  • Small, raised bumps, which may leak fluid and crust over when scratched
  • Thickened, cracked, scaly skin
  • Raw, sensitive, swollen skin from scratching
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Types of Eczema

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There are several types of eczema, each with its own characteristic symptoms and triggers. Some common types include:

Atopic dermatitis, commonly known as eczema, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by dry, itchy, and red patches on the skin. It often begins in infancy or early childhood and can persist into adulthood. The exact cause of atopic dermatitis is not fully understood but is believed to involve a combination of genetic, immune, and environmental factors.

Symptoms include:

  • Dry, scaly skin
  • Redness and inflammation
  • Intense itching
  • Cracked or crusty patches
  • Thickened or leathery skin in affected areas

Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis typically involves a physical examination by a healthcare professional, who may also inquire about medical history and family history of eczema or other allergic conditions. In some cases, additional tests such as skin patch testing or blood tests may be conducted to rule out other possible causes of symptoms. Treatment for atopic dermatitis aims to relieve symptoms, reduce inflammation, and prevent flare-ups.

Contact dermatitis is a type of skin inflammation that occurs when the skin comes into direct contact with an irritant or allergen. This reaction can lead to redness, itching, swelling, and sometimes blistering of the affected area. There are two main types of contact dermatitis: irritant contact dermatitis, which occurs when a substance damages the skin's outer layer, and allergic contact dermatitis, which develops when the immune system reacts to a specific substance. Common irritants and allergens include soaps, detergents, cosmetics, jewelry, and plants like poison ivy or poison oak.

Symptoms:

  • Redness
  • Itching
  • Swelling
  • Blistering
  • Dry, cracked skin
  • Burning or stinging sensation
  • Rash or bumps
  • Warmth in the affected area

Diagnosis and Treatment: Diagnosing contact dermatitis typically involves a thorough examination of the affected skin and a review of the patient's medical history. In some cases, patch testing may be performed to identify specific allergens. Treatment usually involves avoiding the irritant or allergen that triggered the reaction and using topical corticosteroids or anti-itch creams to relieve symptoms. Additionally, moisturizers and cold compresses can help soothe the skin. Severe cases may require oral corticosteroids or other prescription medications to reduce inflammation and discomfort. Preventive measures such as wearing protective clothing or gloves can also help prevent future flare-ups.

Dyshidrotic eczema, also known as pompholyx eczema, is a specific form of eczema characterized by small, itchy blisters that develop on the hands and feet. These blisters can be painful and may cause the skin to crack and become red and inflamed. The exact cause of dyshidrotic eczema is not fully understood, but factors such as stress, allergies, and exposure to certain metals or chemicals may contribute to its development.

Symptoms:

  • Small, fluid-filled blisters on the hands and/or feet
  • Itching
  • Redness and inflammation
  • Cracked, peeling skin
  • Pain or discomfort

Diagnosis and Treatment: Diagnosing dyshidrotic eczema typically involves a physical examination of the affected skin and a review of the patient's medical history. In some cases, a skin biopsy may be performed to rule out other conditions. Treatment often focuses on relieving symptoms and preventing flare-ups. This may include topical corticosteroids or immunomodulators to reduce inflammation, antihistamines to relieve itching, and moisturizers to help repair the skin barrier. In severe cases, oral corticosteroids or other systemic medications may be prescribed. Avoiding triggers such as stress, certain foods, or exposure to irritants can also help manage the condition and prevent recurrences.

Nummular eczema, also known as discoid eczema, is a chronic skin condition characterized by the development of coin-shaped patches of inflamed, itchy skin. These patches often appear on the arms, legs, back, or torso and may be red, scaly, and crusty. The exact cause of nummular eczema is not well understood, but factors such as dry skin, environmental irritants, and genetic predisposition may play a role in its development.

Symptoms:

  • Round or oval-shaped patches of red, inflamed skin
  • Itching, which may be severe
  • Dryness and scaling
  • Crusting and oozing of the affected areas
  • Discomfort or pain, especially if the skin becomes cracked or infected

Diagnosis and Treatment: Diagnosing nummular eczema typically involves a physical examination of the affected skin and a review of the patient's medical history. In some cases, a skin biopsy may be performed to rule out other conditions. Treatment aims to alleviate symptoms and prevent flare-ups. This may include using moisturizers to keep the skin hydrated, topical corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, and antihistamines to relieve itching. In severe cases, oral corticosteroids or other systemic medications may be prescribed. Avoiding triggers such as harsh soaps, detergents, and environmental allergens can also help manage the condition and prevent recurrences.

Treatment of Eczema

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, can be managed effectively through various treatments and lifestyle changes. Here are some common approaches:

Moisturizers: Keeping the skin hydrated is crucial in managing eczema. Regularly apply moisturizers to prevent dryness and itching. Look for fragrance-free and hypoallergenic options.

Topical corticosteroids: These are anti-inflammatory creams or ointments prescribed by doctors to reduce itching and inflammation during eczema flare-ups. They come in different strengths, so your doctor will prescribe the appropriate one for you.

Topical calcineurin inhibitors: These medications, such as tacrolimus and pimecrolimus, are often used when corticosteroids aren't suitable or effective. They also reduce inflammation and itching.

Antihistamines: Over-the-counter or prescription antihistamines can help alleviate itching, especially at night, allowing for better sleep.

Wet wrap therapy: This involves applying moisturizer to the affected area and covering it with a wet bandage or clothing. It helps hydrate the skin and reduce inflammation.

Avoid triggers: Identify and avoid triggers that worsen your eczema, such as certain fabrics, soaps, detergents, or environmental allergens like pollen or pet dander.

Prescription oral medications: In severe cases, your doctor may prescribe oral corticosteroids or immunosuppressants to control inflammation and reduce symptoms.

Phototherapy (light therapy): This involves exposing the skin to controlled amounts of natural or artificial light under medical supervision. It can help reduce inflammation and itchiness.

Stress management: Stress can exacerbate eczema symptoms, so practicing stress-reduction techniques like meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises may be beneficial.

Proper skincare: Use mild, fragrance-free cleansers and avoid hot baths or showers, as they can dry out the skin. Pat your skin dry gently and apply moisturizer immediately afterward.

Dietary changes: While not a primary treatment, some people find relief by avoiding certain foods that may trigger eczema flare-ups, such as dairy, eggs, nuts, and wheat. However, more research is needed to confirm the effectiveness of dietary changes.

Eczema Treatment Cost in Hyderabad

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The cost of eczema treatment in Hyderabad can vary depending on several factors, including the severity of the condition, the type of treatment required, and the healthcare provider chosen.
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Best Doctor for Eczema Treatment in Hyderabad

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Continental Hospitals in Hyderabad is renowned for its comprehensive dermatology department, offering advanced treatment options for eczema. The hospital has a team of highly skilled dermatologists who are adept at diagnosing and managing various forms of eczema with personalized treatment plans.

Dr Swapna Kunduru

Consultant Clinical & Cosmetic Dermatologist and Trichologist

Dr T Vijayalakshmi Nayak

Consultant Dermatologist & Cosmetologist

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is eczema?
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by itchy, red, and dry skin patches. It can vary in severity from mild to severe and often involves periods of flare-ups and remissions.
What causes eczema?
The exact cause of eczema is not fully understood, but it's believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and immune system factors. Triggers can include certain foods, allergens, stress, climate, and irritants like soaps and detergents.
Is eczema contagious?
No, eczema is not contagious. It cannot be spread from person to person through contact.
Can eczema be cured?
Currently, there is no cure for eczema, but it can be managed effectively with proper treatment and skincare routines. Many people outgrow eczema as they get older, but for some, it may persist into adulthood.
What are the common symptoms of eczema?
Common symptoms of eczema include itching, redness, dryness, flaking, and inflammation of the skin. It can appear anywhere on the body but is often found on the face, hands, elbows, and knees.
How is eczema diagnosed?
Eczema is typically diagnosed based on a physical examination and medical history. In some cases, a doctor may perform patch testing or skin biopsy to rule out other skin conditions.
What are the treatment options for eczema?
Treatment for eczema aims to reduce inflammation, relieve itching, and prevent flare-ups. This may include moisturizers, topical corticosteroids, antihistamines, immunomodulators, and in severe cases, oral medications or phototherapy.