Kidney Stone Treatment in Hyderabad

Best Hospital for Kidney Stone Treatment
in Hyderabad

Don't let a tiny stone cause a big pain!
Continental Hospitals in Hyderabad, India, offers comprehensive kidney stone treatment options.
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Best Doctors For Kidney Stone Treatment In Hyderabad

Continental Hospitals in Hyderabad is renowned for its excellent healthcare services, including kidney stone treatment. We have a team of well-regarded nephrologists who specialize in kidney stone treatment.

Kidney Stone Removal Cost in Hyderabad

The cost of kidney stone removal in Hyderabad can vary depending on several factors such as the hospital or clinic you choose, the type of procedure required, the severity of the condition, and any additional medical services needed.

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Continental Hospitals offers round-the-clock medical services, providing constant care and support to meet your healthcare needs anytime, day or night.
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What is Kidney Stones?

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Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys. They can vary in size, ranging from as small as a grain of sand to as large as a golf ball.

Causes of Kidney Stones

Dehydration: Not drinking enough water can lead to concentrated urine, increasing the risk of stone formation.

Diet: Consuming foods high in oxalate, such as spinach, chocolate, nuts, and certain fruits, can increase oxalate levels in the urine, contributing to calcium oxalate stones. A diet high in salt, protein, and sugar can also increase the risk.

Family or personal history: If you have a family history of kidney stones or if you've had them before, you're at a higher risk of developing them again.

Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as obesity, high blood pressure, digestive diseases (like Crohn's disease or gastric bypass surgery), and metabolic disorders (like hyperparathyroidism or cystinuria), can increase the risk of kidney stone formation.

Medications: Some medications, such as diuretics, antacids containing calcium, and certain antibiotics, can increase the risk of kidney stone formation.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs): UTIs can change the urine's composition, making it more conducive to stone formation.

Lifestyle factors: Sedentary lifestyle, excessive alcohol consumption, and certain occupations that involve prolonged sitting can increase the risk of kidney stones.

Symptoms of Kidney Stones

  • Intense pain in the side or back, below the ribs
  • Painful urination
  • Pink, red, or brown urine
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Frequent urge to urinate
If you experience any symptoms related to kidney stones, Call Immediately.
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Types of kidney stones

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Kidney stones come in different types, each with its own composition. Here are the main types:

Calcium stones, the most prevalent type of kidney stones, primarily consist of calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate crystals that form in the kidneys. These crystals can aggregate and develop into stones of varying sizes, causing discomfort and potential complications if not addressed. Symptoms of calcium stones include:

  • Intense pain in the back, side, abdomen, or groin
  • Painful urination
  • Pink, red, or brown urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Persistent need to urinate

Diagnosis typically involves a combination of medical history review, physical examination, and diagnostic tests such as urine tests, blood tests, imaging studies (such as CT scans or ultrasounds), and sometimes analysis of passed stones. Treatment for calcium stones often includes pain management, increased fluid intake to promote stone passage, dietary modifications to reduce calcium and oxalate intake, medications to adjust urine pH or decrease stone formation, and in some cases, procedures like lithotripsy or surgery to remove larger stones or those causing significant obstruction. Prevention strategies may involve dietary changes, increased fluid intake, and medications to manage underlying conditions contributing to stone formation. Regular follow-up and monitoring are crucial to prevent recurrence.

Struvite stones, also known as infection stones, are composed primarily of magnesium ammonium phosphate. These stones often develop as a result of urinary tract infections caused by certain bacteria that produce urease, an enzyme that facilitates the formation of struvite crystals. These stones tend to grow rapidly and can become quite large, causing obstruction and significant discomfort.

Symptoms of struvite stones may include:

  • Severe pain in the back, side, abdomen, or groin
  • Painful urination
  • Pink, red, or brown urine
  • Frequent and urgent need to urinate
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting

Diagnosis of struvite stones involves a thorough medical history review, physical examination, and diagnostic tests such as urine tests, blood tests, imaging studies (such as CT scans or ultrasounds), and sometimes analysis of passed stones. Treatment typically involves a combination of antibiotics to eradicate the underlying urinary tract infection, along with procedures such as lithotripsy or surgery to remove the stones, especially if they are large or causing obstruction. In some cases, additional measures may be needed to prevent recurrence, such as dietary modifications and lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of future urinary tract infections. Regular follow-up is essential to monitor for recurrence and ensure optimal management.

Uric acid stones are a type of kidney stone primarily composed of uric acid crystals. They form when there is an excessive accumulation of uric acid in the urine, which can occur due to various factors such as a diet high in purines, certain medical conditions like gout, or genetic predispositions. Uric acid stones can vary in size and may cause significant discomfort and complications if not properly managed.

Symptoms of uric acid stones may include:

  • Severe pain in the back, side, abdomen, or groin
  • Painful urination
  • Pink, red, or brown urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting

Diagnosis of uric acid stones typically involves a comprehensive evaluation, including a review of medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests such as urine tests, blood tests, and imaging studies (such as CT scans or ultrasounds). Additionally, analysis of passed stones may be necessary to confirm the composition. Treatment often includes increasing fluid intake to promote urine dilution and flushing of the stones, along with dietary modifications to reduce purine intake. Medications may also be prescribed to alkalinize the urine or decrease uric acid production. In some cases, procedures such as lithotripsy or surgery may be necessary to remove larger stones or those causing significant obstruction. Prevention strategies may involve lifestyle changes, dietary modifications, and medications to manage underlying conditions contributing to stone formation. Regular monitoring and follow-up are crucial to prevent recurrence and ensure optimal management.

Cystine stones are a rare type of kidney stone formed from the buildup of cystine, an amino acid, in the urine. These stones are typically caused by a hereditary condition called cystinuria, which affects the normal reabsorption of cystine and other amino acids by the kidneys. Due to their composition, cystine stones tend to be resistant to traditional treatment methods and may require specialized approaches for management.

Symptoms of cystine stones may include:

  • Severe pain in the back, side, abdomen, or groin
  • Painful urination
  • Pink, red, or brown urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting

Diagnosis of cystine stones involves a thorough medical history review, physical examination, and diagnostic tests such as urine tests, blood tests, and imaging studies (such as CT scans or ultrasounds). Additionally, analysis of passed stones may be necessary to confirm the composition. Treatment of cystine stones often requires a multifaceted approach, including increasing fluid intake to promote urine dilution and flushing of the stones. Medications called thiol-containing drugs may also be prescribed to help prevent cystine from forming stones in the urine. In some cases, procedures such as lithotripsy or surgery may be necessary to remove larger stones or those causing significant obstruction. Regular monitoring and follow-up are essential to prevent recurrence and ensure optimal management of cystine stones.

Treatment of Kidney Stones

The treatment of kidney stones depends on various factors, including the type, size, and location of the stones, as well as the presence of symptoms and any underlying health conditions. Here's an overview of common treatment approaches:

Pain Management: Severe pain associated with kidney stones is often managed with over-the-counter or prescription pain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or opioids.

Increased Fluid Intake: Drinking plenty of water and staying well-hydrated can help flush out smaller stones and prevent new ones from forming.

Medications: Depending on the type of kidney stones, medications may be prescribed to help dissolve or prevent the formation of stones. For example, medications to reduce calcium levels or urinary acidification drugs for uric acid stones may be used.

Medical Expulsion Therapy: Drugs called alpha blockers may be prescribed to relax the muscles in the ureter, facilitating the passage of kidney stones.

Lithotripsy: This non-invasive procedure uses shock waves to break larger kidney stones into smaller pieces, making them easier to pass through the urinary tract.

Surgical Removal: For larger stones or those causing significant obstruction, surgical procedures such as ureteroscopy (using a small scope to remove stones) or percutaneous nephrolithotomy (minimally invasive surgery to remove stones through a small incision in the back) may be necessary.

Preventive Measures: Lifestyle modifications, dietary changes (such as reducing salt and animal protein intake), and medications may be recommended to prevent recurrence of kidney stones, especially for individuals with a history of recurrent stones or underlying medical conditions predisposing them to stone formation.

Kidney Stone Removal Cost in Hyderabad

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The cost of kidney stone removal in Hyderabad can vary depending on several factors such as the hospital or clinic you choose, the type of procedure required, the severity of the condition, and any additional medical services needed. It's essential to consult with a healthcare provider or hospital directly to get an accurate estimate based on your specific situation and needs. They can provide you with detailed information about the procedure, associated costs, and payment options.
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Best Doctors For Kidney Stone Treatment In Hyderabad

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Continental Hospitals has a team of well-regarded nephrologists who specialize in kidney stone treatment. We have the best nephrologists Dr. Dhananjaya Kappadi Lingappareddy and Dr. Sree Rama.

Dr Sree Rama Chandra Sekhar Susarla

Senior Consultant Nephrologist & Transplant Physician

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are kidney stones?
Kidney stones are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys. They can vary in size, ranging from a grain of sand to a golf ball.
What causes kidney stones?
Kidney stones can form when there is a high concentration of certain substances in your urine, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid. Dehydration, dietary factors, genetics, and certain medical conditions can contribute to their formation.
What are the symptoms of kidney stones?
Symptoms can include severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs, pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin, painful urination, pink, red, or brown urine, nausea, and vomiting.
How are kidney stones diagnosed?
Diagnosis often involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, imaging tests (like X-rays, CT scans, or ultrasounds), and urine tests to analyze the composition of the stones.
What are the treatment options for kidney stones?
Treatment depends on the size and location of the stone, as well as the severity of symptoms. Options may include pain management, medications to help pass the stone, lithotripsy (using shock waves to break up the stone), or surgical removal.
How can kidney stones be prevented?
Drinking plenty of water to stay hydrated is key in preventing kidney stones. Dietary changes may also help, such as reducing intake of foods high in oxalates (like spinach and rhubarb) and sodium, and maintaining a healthy weight.
When should I see a doctor about kidney stones?
If you experience severe pain, blood in your urine, difficulty urinating, fever, or persistent nausea and vomiting, it's important to seek medical attention promptly, as these could be signs of a serious complication from kidney stones.