Fatty Liver Treatment in Hyderabad

Best Hospital for Fatty Liver Treatment
in Hyderabad

Fight the Fat
At Continental Hospitals, treatment for fatty liver disease involves a comprehensive approach aimed at addressing the underlying causes and managing symptoms effectively.
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Best Doctors For Fatty Liver Treatment In Hyderabad

Continental Hospitals in Hyderabad has a stellar team of specialists renowned for their expertise in treating fatty liver disease.

Fatty Liver Treatment Cost in Hyderabad

The cost of treating fatty liver in Hyderabad can vary depending on various factors such as the severity of the condition, the specific treatment plan recommended by the healthcare provider.

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Continental Hospitals offers round-the-clock medical services, providing constant care and support to meet your healthcare needs anytime, day or night.
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What is Fatty Liver?

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Fatty liver, also known as hepatic steatosis, is a condition characterized by the accumulation of fat in liver cells. A certain amount of fat in the liver is normal, but when it exceeds 5-10% of the liver's weight, it is considered fatty liver.

Causes of Fatty Liver

Alcohol Consumption: Heavy alcohol consumption is one of the leading causes of fatty liver disease. It can lead to alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD), where excessive alcohol consumption leads to fat accumulation in liver cells.

Obesity and Poor Diet: A diet high in calories, particularly from unhealthy fats and sugars, combined with obesity, can lead to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This condition is becoming increasingly common due to the prevalence of obesity and poor dietary habits.

Insulin Resistance and Type 2 Diabetes: Insulin resistance, a condition where cells don't respond properly to insulin, can lead to elevated blood sugar levels. This can contribute to fat accumulation in the liver. Type 2 diabetes, often associated with insulin resistance, is a risk factor for NAFLD.

High Blood Lipids: High levels of triglycerides and other fats (lipids) in the blood can increase the risk of fatty liver disease.

Rapid Weight Loss: Losing weight too quickly, especially through crash diets or bariatric surgery, can lead to the release of stored fats into the bloodstream, which may overwhelm the liver's ability to process them, resulting in fatty liver disease.

Certain Medications: Some medications, such as corticosteroids, tamoxifen, methotrexate, and others, can cause or exacerbate fatty liver disease.

Genetics: Genetic factors can predispose individuals to fatty liver disease. Certain genetic conditions, such as Wilson's disease, familial hypobetalipoproteinemia, and others, can increase the risk.

Symptoms of Fatty Liver

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Abdominal discomfort or pain
  • Swelling in the abdomen
  • Enlarged liver
  • Jaundice
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Types of Fatty Liver

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The two main types of fatty liver disease are:

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a condition characterized by the accumulation of excess fat in the liver cells of individuals who consume little to no alcohol. It is often associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome, although it can also occur in individuals with normal weight and without metabolic risk factors. NAFLD encompasses a spectrum of liver conditions, ranging from simple steatosis (fat buildup) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which involves inflammation and liver cell damage. If left untreated, NAFLD can progress to more severe liver conditions such as cirrhosis and liver failure.

Symptoms:

  • Often asymptomatic in early stages
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal discomfort or pain in the upper right portion
  • Enlarged liver
  • Elevated liver enzymes in blood tests

Diagnosis and Treatment: Diagnosis of NAFLD typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, blood tests to check liver function and rule out other liver diseases, imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI to visualize fat in the liver, and sometimes a liver biopsy to assess the extent of liver damage. Treatment focuses on lifestyle changes such as adopting a healthy diet, increasing physical activity, losing weight if overweight or obese, and managing underlying conditions such as diabetes and high cholesterol. In more severe cases, medications may be prescribed to manage associated conditions or to target specific aspects of NAFLD, and regular monitoring is crucial to prevent progression to advanced liver disease.

Alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) is a condition characterized by the accumulation of fat in the liver due to excessive alcohol consumption. This condition typically progresses through various stages, starting with simple fatty liver, then progressing to alcoholic hepatitis, and potentially culminating in cirrhosis if alcohol intake continues unabated. AFLD is a major cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality worldwide, with its prevalence increasing in parallel with the rise in alcohol consumption.

Symptoms of alcoholic fatty liver disease may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Abdominal discomfort or pain, especially in the upper right side
  • Swelling in the abdomen or legs due to fluid retention (ascites)
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting

Diagnosing AFLD typically involves a combination of medical history assessment, physical examination, blood tests to assess liver function, imaging studies such as ultrasound or CT scan to evaluate liver fat accumulation, and sometimes liver biopsy to assess the extent of liver damage. Treatment of AFLD primarily revolves around lifestyle modifications, particularly cessation or reduction of alcohol consumption. Nutritional support and weight management may also be recommended to improve liver health. In cases of advanced AFLD or complications such as alcoholic hepatitis, additional interventions such as medications to reduce inflammation or procedures to drain accumulated fluid may be necessary. It's crucial for individuals with AFLD to work closely with healthcare professionals to manage their condition and prevent further liver damage.

Treatments of Fatty Liver

Here are some treatments and lifestyle changes commonly recommended for fatty liver disease:

Healthy Diet: A balanced diet low in saturated fats, refined sugars, and processed foods can help manage fatty liver disease. Focus on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Limit alcohol intake as it can exacerbate liver damage.

Weight Loss: Losing weight, even just 5-10% of your body weight, can significantly reduce liver fat. However, crash dieting or rapid weight loss can worsen liver inflammation, so it's important to aim for gradual weight loss through a combination of diet and exercise.

Regular Exercise: Regular physical activity, such as brisk walking, jogging, swimming, or cycling, can help reduce liver fat and improve overall health. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.

Medications: There are currently no FDA-approved medications specifically for treating fatty liver disease, but certain medications may be prescribed to manage related conditions such as diabetes, high cholesterol, or hypertension. Vitamin E supplements may also be recommended for some patients with NASH.

Controlled Diabetes and Insulin Resistance: If you have diabetes or insulin resistance, it's essential to manage your blood sugar levels through medication, diet, and exercise, as uncontrolled diabetes can worsen fatty liver disease.

Avoidance of Alcohol: If you have alcoholic fatty liver disease, abstaining from alcohol is crucial to prevent further liver damage.

Liver Transplant: In severe cases of advanced liver disease or liver failure, a liver transplant may be necessary. However, this is typically considered only when other treatments have failed, and the patient's liver function is significantly compromised.

Monitoring and Follow-up: Regular monitoring of liver function tests and imaging studies can help track the progression of fatty liver disease and assess the effectiveness of treatment. Your healthcare provider may recommend periodic follow-up appointments to adjust your treatment plan as needed.

Fatty Liver Treatment Cost in Hyderabad

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The cost of treating fatty liver in Hyderabad can vary depending on several factors, including the severity of the condition, the specific treatment approach recommended by the healthcare provider, and the medical facility chosen for treatment.
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Best Doctors For Fatty Liver Treatment In Hyderabad

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Continental Hospitals in Hyderabad has a stellar team of specialists renowned for their expertise in treating fatty liver disease.

Dr Guru N Reddy

Chief of Gastroenterology & Liver Diseases

Dr Raghuram Kondala

Consultant Medical Gastroenterologist

Dr Ravi Kiran Perumalla

Consultant Medical Gastroenterologist

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is fatty liver disease?
Fatty liver disease is a condition characterized by the accumulation of fat in the liver cells. It can be caused by various factors including obesity, high cholesterol, diabetes, and excessive alcohol consumption.
What are the types of fatty liver disease?
There are two main types of fatty liver disease: alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). AFLD is caused by excessive alcohol consumption, while NAFLD is associated with factors such as obesity, insulin resistance, and high blood sugar.
What are the symptoms of fatty liver disease?
In the early stages, fatty liver disease may not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, as the condition progresses, symptoms may include fatigue, weakness, abdominal pain, and swelling in the abdomen.
How is fatty liver disease diagnosed?
Fatty liver disease is often diagnosed through blood tests, imaging studies (such as ultrasound or MRI), and sometimes a liver biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and assess the severity of the condition.
What are the treatment options for fatty liver disease?
Treatment for fatty liver disease typically involves lifestyle changes such as weight loss, dietary modifications (including reducing sugar and saturated fat intake), regular exercise, and avoiding alcohol. In some cases, medications may be prescribed to manage underlying conditions such as diabetes or high cholesterol.
Can fatty liver disease be reversed?
Yes, fatty liver disease can often be reversed with lifestyle changes. Losing weight, adopting a healthy diet, and increasing physical activity can help reduce fat accumulation in the liver and improve liver function.
Can fatty liver disease be prevented?
Yes, fatty liver disease can often be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, limiting alcohol consumption, and managing underlying health conditions such as diabetes and high cholesterol.